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História 6/2018

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Martin VINCURSKÝ: Ako anjeli v nebi. Presadzovanie klerikálneho celibátu v latinskej cirkvi do 12. storočia.

HISTÓRIA - Revue o dejinách spoločnosti - Číslo 3/2018

VINCURSKÝ, Martin. Ako anjeli v nebi. Presadzovanie klerikálneho celibátu v latinskej cirkvi do 12. storočia. História, 2018, 17, 3, s. 10-16.

History of the idea that life of celibacy is more valuable than life of marriage is difficult to trace and to understand. Unfortunately, we are not able to answer the question, how did celibacy transformed from the abashing state of life (in the Jewish tradition) to the honourable state of life (in Christianity). However, this article follows the process, in the end of which sexual abstinence was made an observance for anyone willing to serve God. This process was finished in 12th century. Nevertheless, it is highly questionable, to what extent was celibacy really and practically „established“ among the clergy in the time stated.

Key words: sexual abstinence, clerical celibacy, clerical concubinage, Gregorian reform, medieval heresy

Martin Vincurský / Ako anjeli v nebi. Presadzovanie klerikálneho celibátu v latinskej cirkvi do 12. storočia.

VINCURSKÝ, Martin. Like the angels in heaven. The application of clerical celibacy in the Latin Church up to the 12th century. História, 2018, 17, 3, pp. 10-16.

The history of the idea that a life of celibacy is more valuable than a life of marriage is difficult to trace and to understand. Unfortunately, we are not able to answer the question of how celibacy transformed from the inferior state of life in the Jewish tradition to the honourable state of life in Christianity. However, this article follows the process, at the end of which sexual abstinence was made an observance for anyone wanting to serve God. This process was completed in the 12th century. Nevertheless, it is highly questionable, to what extent celibacy was really and practically “established“ among the clergy in the time stated.

Key words: Sexual abstinence. Clerical celibacy. Clerical concubinage. Gregorian reform. Medieval heresy.

Popiska k obrázku:
Obr. Hieronym
Autor: Albrecht Dürer
Zdroj: 1. The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202. 2./3. National Gallery, London
Licencia: Public Domain
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/ff/Albrecht_D%C3%BCrer_012.jpg


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